Why CLCP is far better than Targeted Interventions (TI) - Part II

In an earlier blog titled, "Why CLCP is far better than Targeted Interventions (TI)", I had stated that I would continue with this blog that would state the main differences between CLCP and Targeted or Traditional Interventions (TI). Accordingly, in order to better understand CLCP and TI, I present a compare and contrast table:


Table comparing CLCP and TI


Community Life Competence Process

Targeted Intervention


Community mobilizes members and identifies strengths - Asset Based “What’s right here?”

Implementing NGO partners do a needs assessment and identifies issues -Deficit Based “What’s wrong here?”


Community decides what it wants to work on and dreams can change

Issues may differ from the community’s and are restricted, like: Health, HIV, Education


Community decides where it wants to go – Community driven

Donors pre-decide what community needs – donor driven


Internally Fueled by “people like us”, with same culture and resources

Externally Fueled mainly by “experts” or internal authority


Down-up, Inside-out

Top-down, Outside-in


Community assesses its current situation - Begins with analysis of demonstrably successful Solutions

Implementing NGO or Researchers do a baseline - Begins with analysis of underlying causes of Problem


Solution Space enlarged through discovery of actual parameters

Solution Space limited by perceived problem parameters


Community Ownership and strengths makes the response. Bypasses Immune System as solution shares same “DNA” as host

Donor’s ownership and priorities dictates the response. This triggers Immune System “defense response”


Community sets its own targets and plans action – Flexible target, goals and programs

Implementing NGO develop log frame, action plan, and indicators - Fixed target, goals, programs


Community acts

NGO provides services and or referral links


Community assesses their progress, learns and adapts

Implementing NGO monitors, donors evaluate


Communities share experiences, learn, capture good practices, and transfer, as well as, disseminate them through social networks

NGO analyze and synthesize their own opinions and lessons and rarely disseminate


Establishes a strong contributory Knowledge Management culture

Sets up an Management Information System reporting culture


Program is unrestricted as community depends on its own resources

Program is restricted and highly dependent on external resources and funds


Sustainable and does not end until community decide to change program

Not sustainable, and all project activities ends at project end-line



 I would like everyone to suggest changes, edits, additions, and deletions,

With best regards,


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Comment by Dr. E. Mohamed Rafique on March 8, 2011 at 5:28am

Dear Rituu,

Thank you for this valuable suggestion. I have included transfer in point 12 as you can see, now.


Moreover, I have put in a new point under 13 about KM in CLCP. Wonder how I missed that earlier. Also, ealborated point 8 with an additional line on community ownership and strengths making the response in CLCP.

Looking forward to more suggestions.

Comment by Rituu B. Nanda on March 7, 2011 at 6:03am

Dear Rafique,


Great! Could we add in point 12- community transfers the approach as well.





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