Learning from the “Knowledge Fair” (Date- 10-13, May, 2011)

Day 1: In the morning there was 1 hr time given to observe and ask questions on the Displays of the different NGO’s (Implementing partners) on the work one by them so far.

Post which we had 5 simultaneously discussions on various topic.

 

Discussion 1: “Access to Services”

  • Quacks and Traditional Doctors
  1. Currently there is no line of treatment at DIC for NMP or BSP
  2. The Government guidelines suggest that treatment facilities at DIC is possible

 

  • Emphasis DIC:
  1. Should there be a line of treatment?
  2. If yes then how should it be implemented?

 

  • Why does the Mobile Population not prefer to o to Government Hospitals?
  1. Belief in home treatment
  2. Home based deliveries- Leading to no birth certificates and problems of admission in a government school
  3. Long queue in government hospitals
  4. loss of daily (Day’s) wages
  5. Due to the above mentioned reasons NMP prefer to go to traditional healers, RMP, Quacks or Home remedies

 

  • Issues related to sanitation, PDS, banking and Transportation of mobile population.
  1. No identification proof leads them non opening of bank accounts
  2. No bank Accounts- High Liquid Cash- wasted on Alcohols and then on other things.
  3. And No Identification makes them vulnerable to Atrocities by different groups- Police, employers etc.

 

Discussion 2: “Livelihood and Employment”

  • Level of education
  • Low wages
  • Main issue concerning to Employment
  • Solutions like ATMs exclusively for them,
  • Training on certain issues- Self grooming, basic computer Skills, vocational Training. Etc
  • NIIT Scheme- SWIFT JYOTI
  • For education Flexibility- Local Residents, schools affidavits from employers/ house owners.
  • Information on their rights and salary’s which they should receive.

 

 

Probable Solutions- some ideas:

  1. Basic Services: Health, Education à Birth certificate of Women, I.e. Id proof but as most of them have home deliveries there is no proof.
  2. Encouraging them for institutionalized deliveries leads to primary reduction.
  3. Banks- from CBO- give residential proof.

Eg: SBI- accept certificate from CBO to open an account/ affidavit from the area to open the account.

  1. Cross Border Mobility- Needed??
  2. Some problems can only be solved at country level.
  3. Vocational Training for women- using DIC for the same.

 

 

 

Discussion 3: “Safe Mobility”

  • Issues of Safe mobility: Key Points-
    1. Crossing Borders
    2. Types of issues-
      1. Issues related to officials (BSF/ Transport Authorities/ Customs)
      2. Stakeholders Issues
  • Difference in Issues related to NMP & BSP
  • NMP- Atrocities by the Rickshaw pullers/ Bus officials, co- passengers/ Custom officials
  • BSP- Harassments by Dallas’s & Brokers.
  • How to address issues related to drug smugglers with MP
  • How to have better collaborations between the Transit and Destination Point

Suggestions: 

  1. Information Cards with Addresses of DIC
  2. Information Kits provided at the source location.

 

 

Discussion 4: “Gender”

 

  • Issues related to Gender:
  • Marriage across borders- eg: Women get married across border i.e. to boys from India, their marriage starts shaking after a couple of years.
  • Families need to be given education at source not to marry men across borders- legal document should be taken upon marriage from the concerned nodal government agency
  • Men should not be allowed to go out and work- leaving the family behind for years together.

 

 

Discussion 5: “Sustainability beyond 2014”

 

  • Community ownership is what we are looking forwards to and CLCP is the process//way to achieve the same.

Issues discussed were:

  1. Why do we need DIC?
  2. Who will fund the DIC post 2014?
  3. CBO formation
  4. Committees for running the DIC
  5. Would the Community dreams be fulfilled by this process?
  6. Can a migrant register a CBO and what about the documentation that is required for the same.

 

 

Post Lunch Session:

  1.  
    • Understanding the process of CLCP- By JOMA

 

In this session the difference between the processes of the CLCP and Target Intervention (TI) were highlighted with the help of a role play.

  • In ‘Target Intervention’- where the implementing agency and the funding agency only focus on the target group. They only intervene with the target population such as the FSW (in case of People living with HIV) and do not work on other stakeholders involved in the situation. Unlike TI, CLCP focuses on a holistic approach.

Example: If the target group is FSWs then the TI method would only focus on the FSW.

On the other hand CLCP understands that to solve the various problems of FSW we need to deal with the environment and other stakeholders associated to FSW. This method helps in providing long term sustainability solution.

 

Suggestions: If we could use a on pronto Role Play instead of one person explaining the entire process, it would have a better impact.

 

 

  1.  
    • Talk on Constellation and AIDS competence- By RITUU

 

In this session ‘Rituu’ explained how this process of CLCP originated and developed over the years. There were many examples which were illustrated where the CLCP has helped in providing a long term solution.

 

 

 

  • Small exercise on  sharing of “Concerns and Hopes”- By INDUMATI

 

In this all the members were to divide themselves into pairs, (the pairs did not know each other) and were given 3 minutes to discusses their concerns and hopes. After the exercise most of the people felt that shared similar concerns and Hopes. They also felt at ease to talk to strangers on issues that concern them rather than sharing personal information (It was a non-threating topic of discussion). Sharing similar concerns made them realize that even though they might not be from the same geographic region or culture but still share the same concerns, and hence came a step closer to understanding ‘we the humans’. The participants also got an opportunity to see various aspect of the same issue and possible solution for resolving the same which they as individuals had not realized before. 

 

 

  • Session on Doubts and Clarifications – By SANGAMITRA     

An interesting question was put up by Anupam and Moushmi on how to get success applying the process of CLCP among the mobile population. Till date the CLCP team had been applying CLCP among the Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) mostly in north-east India, where the population is very much targeted, easily visible, easy to mobilize as they are a static population, unified by Churches, easily found in pockets where they shoot drugs and are a permanent part of the community where they live in.  Whereas in case of EMPHASIS the population that we are working with are mobile and always on the move specially the population at Transit, they donot belong to the community they are staying at present, they cannot be easily identified and tracked (specially the Bangladeshi mobile population), not easily mobilized as they prefer not to form groups and often remain invisible. ----------Sangamitra’s feedback to the question thrown in the house was that the main thing that the CLCP facilitators need to have is a believe in oneself about the process. The facilitators need to be open minded without any expectation from the community and should just interact with the community. But no specific answer to the query was given by none of the CLCP facilitators and coaches, rather they had requested for some time to think on this so that they can come up with some explanation to the above situation.     

 

 

Day 2: The teams in the morning shared their understanding of the concept for SALT VISIT and later with a brief frame work in mind were divided into 3 groups for SALT visits in 3 different locations.

 

Understanding of SALT visits:

 

  • WHAT IS SALT?

Stimulate appreciative learning transfer (or SALT) is a strategic process that is used to address community issues. It is the ‘Life Line of CLCP’

SALT is lifeline for any community lead process, as through this process we can get the maximum support from the community.

 

  • WHY IS SALT IMPORTANT?
  1. It strengthens the community to utilize their capacity
  2. Community is free to express their concerns, views, ideas, opinions & experiences.
  3. Community identifies its strengths and moves ahead to address its concerns.
  4. Sense of ownership is developed.
  5. Community is able to develop a model for the other communities.
  6. Community’s works on building their capacity on their own.

 

  • WHY DO WE DO SALT VISITS?

SALT is primarily done to identify the strengths, weaknesses, concerns, views, ideas, opinions, experiences& hopes of the community. Later SALT visits are done to appreciate learn and used the learning’s of one community to another.

 

  • HOW DO CONDUCT A SALT VISITS IN A COMMUNITY?
  1. We should always begin the meeting with general talk like the Introduction of the team, but without mentioning the position we hold in our work place and its purpose of the visit.

 

  1. Stimulate the community  on how they have solved their own problems with their strengths..
  2. The focus of the SALT visit team should only be on the strengths of the community.
  3. New ideas, suggestion should be given or any similar previous experiences should be shared so that the community feels appreciated for the previous work and is motivated for the future.
  4. Believe  that community knows theiris problems better than us as outsiders and also know the solutions to tackle these concerns.
  5. Appreciate the community on its tasks done so far, its strengths etc. (it is a must)
  6. Share the learning with outer communities also- Transferring the idea.
  • WHAT SHOULD BE AVOIDED DURING THE SALT VISIT?
  1. No talks/ highlighting should be done on weakness of the community.
  2. Do not take out mistakes in their work (work done by the community)
  3. No interrogative questions should be asked.
  4. While introduction do not try and establish that you are superior to them in any way and you know it all.
  5. SALT visit should be free from any judgmental pre notions or biases of the visitor.
  6. Avoid making any undue promises to the community
  7. Do not try and raise the expectation of the community.
  8. Strengths of the community should be identified through talks as direct questioning might confuse the community/ or they might not know themselves about their strengths. 

 

DAY 3:

 

AFTER ACTION REVIEW OF THE SALT VISITS:

 

TEAM 1: Location- Kapas Hera

 

Strengths of the community:

  1. Strong sense of community ownership
  2. Active Volunteerism
  3. Open Transparent and confident sharing
  4. Clarity of thoughts and action
  5. Realistic in approach (in savings)
  6. Both men and women were actively involved
  7. Identified leaders
  8. They can set goals and make strategies to achieve them.

 

Learning’s from the Community:

  1. Financial Planning- How to plan saving in less earning. (It was a motivation for the members of the SALT visit team)
  2. How to be inspired in all difficult situations.

 

How did we SALT? (as SALT team)

  1. Each member of SALT team was allocated a responsibility to fulfill- like facilitation, document, AAR presentation etc.
  2. Focus was on Strengths of community and appreciating the community for their efforts.
  3. Experiences were shared to ‘Stimulate’ and also ‘Transfer’ the learning from other communities.
  4. The Entire group was supportive and ‘All of them Listened’ the responses and reciprocated in mutual manner.

 

 

How can the team perform better?

  1. Spend more time in meeting groups/ individuals/ and Families in their homes
  2. Have a theme to focus on during the visit.
  3. Have adequate time for discussions
  4. Choose and appropriate location- as DIC cannot accommodate many people at the same time.

 

TEAM 2: Location- Shalimar Garden

 

Strengths of the community:

  1. Strong sense of community ownership
  2. Active Volunteerism (even though at present the people willing to volunteer were less.)
  3. Open and confident in sharing their concerns/issues.
  4. Clarity of thoughts and action
  5. Identified leaders
  6. They can set goals and make strategies to achieve them.

 

Learning’s from the Community:

  1. How to be inspired in all difficult situations.

 

How did we SALT? (as SALT team)

  1. Team effort/ Team work was missing.
  2. Unintentionally hierarchy was created between the members of community and some members of the SALT team by sitting on Step instead on grass with others.
  3. Focus was on Strengths of community and appreciating the community for their efforts.
  4. Experiences were shared to ‘Stimulate’ and also ‘Transfer’ the learning from other communities.
  5. The Entire group was supportive and ‘All of them Listened’ the responses and reciprocated in mutual manner- appreciated the efforts of the community efforts.

 

How can the team perform better?

  1. Spend more time in meeting groups/ individuals/ and Families in their homes
  2. Have a theme to focus on during the visit.
  3. Women of community should also be encouraged to take part in the community discussions- Participation of Women.
  4. Have adequate time for discussions.
  5. Time of meeting should be adhered to- We reached one hour late and hence got less time to discuss with the community.
  6. Only few members were speaking at time of presentation.
  7. Other programs like Street plays etc should be separated from the SALT visit.
  8. Choose and appropriate location and time- as the time chosen was in the middle of the afternoon in the open garden and it was an uncomfortable weather for both the SALT team members and the community members.

 

 

TEAM 3: Location- Sarhaul Goan

 

Strengths of the community:

  1. Open and confident in sharing their concerns/issues.
  2. Clarity of thoughts and action
  3. Identified leaders
  4. They can set goals and make strategies to achieve them- Organize themselves:
  5. Youth are also actively participating in community discussions

 

Learning’s from the Community:

  1. There was lack of Women Participation in this community
  2. Older migrants were supporting the newer migrants to understand the working on this new community.

 

How did we SALT? (as SALT team)

  1. As a team if each member was responsible for monitoring the other member of the team and in case any of the SALT team member would try to dominate the discussion then he/she was cutoff in between saying lets taken the communities view point.

 

How can the team perform better?

  1. Ensure women of community should also be encouraged to take part in the community discussions- Participation of Women.
  2. Have adequate time for discussions.
  3. Time of meeting should be adhered to- We reached 2 hours late and hence got less time to discuss with the community- Respecting time of Community members.

 

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Comment by Gaston on May 26, 2011 at 8:16am
Very useful to give an idea of the KF and some profound reflections on the way of working. Many thanks Smiti.  Rituu, this might be good to share with the Kenyan team as well (or perhaps you did already knowing you...).
Comment by Joma on May 26, 2011 at 7:50am
Great Smiti it was great to meet you in the KF, you capture so well every individual participation was resorceful, which made the KF success. Your contribution in seperate make sense and great impact as a whole in terms of reflection on what we were doing.

Cheers keep it up.

Joma
Comment by Rituu B. Nanda on May 25, 2011 at 6:48pm

Very well captured! Thanks Smiti. I enjoyed your sharing and translation during the event. You do it with so much emotion. What was your experience in the Knowledge Fair? What can we do better next time?

 

Would you like to join the youth competence group on this platform to share your dreams and exchange with others from different parts of the world.
Comment by Dr. E. Mohamed Rafique on May 25, 2011 at 5:56pm

Well done, Smiti for this comprehensive Report.

I must congratulate you. Perhaps you would like to change the date in the title to 2011, after which I will delete this comment. Please add some personal observations too.

Keep it up. And thanks for posting it here too.

With best regards,

Rafique

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